Catalonia – Catalunya

In the wake of the independence discussions I thought a fact page would be good to have.

Flag of Catalonia

Geography

Area1: 32,108 km2

Population

2017 estimate3: 7.477.131

This is around 16% of the Spanish population.

Economy

GDP4: €M 223,629

For comparison5 :

 

GDP €M

GDP per Capita

Population

Catalonia

223,629

29908

7,477,131

Finland

215,615

39134

5,509,717

Denmark

277,339

48243

5,748,769

Portugal

185,179

17962

10,309,573

Greece

174,199

15576

11,183,716

Catalonia has a good GDP for a south-European country, but nowhere near the Nordic countries.

History1

This is basically to highlight that Catalonia was a principality and therefore a country until 1716

The name Catalonia dates back to 1117.

The area was ruled by the counts of Barcelona and the House of Barcelona until 1410.

Catalonia was a principality together with the Kingdom of Aragon in the Crown of Aragon.

From 1164 to 1410 additional Kingdoms were added to the House of Aragon:

  • Kingdom of Valencia
  • Kingdom of Majorca
  • Sardinia
  • Corsica
  • Duchies of Athens and Neopatras (for a short time only)

This to a degree ties-in with the geographical reach of the Catalan language2.

1469 Ferdinand II of Aragon married Queen Isabella I of Castile creating an early version of Spain.

However both regions kept their separate status, parliaments and laws.

In 1716 the Principality of Catalonia was made a province after loosing the battle of Barcelona in 1714.

References

  1. Wikipedia – Catalonia
  2. Wikipedia – Catalan Countries
  3. El Instituto de Estadística de Cataluña (Idescat) – Población a 1 de enero. Provincias
  4. El Instituto de Estadística de Cataluña (Idescat) – Gross Domestic Product (Base 2010). Supply
  5. Eurostat – Gross domestic product at market prices